METHODS OF DETERMINATION OF THE LEVEL OF FORMATION OF CRITICAL THINKING IN KIDS OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOL

Vladyslav Bilous

Abstract


The modern school is designed to develop the habit of each student to actively participate in solving important issues of the life of the team, the ability to form, express and defend their opinion, respect the opinion of other people. It is impossible to prepare young people for the conditions of modern life by way of thoughtless and direct assimilation of established truths. To educate communication and collaboration skills, to teach are kids to study, the teacher has to radically change the content of his activities.  Now the main task is not to "convey", "explain", "show" to scholars, but to organize a joint search for the solution of the problem that faced them.  New learning conditions require the ability to listen to everyone on each question, stand up for the position of each student to understand the logic of his reasoning and find a way out of a constantly changing educational situation, analyze responses, suggestions of children, and quietly guide them to solving problems. Therefore, the improvement of the educational process requires from the teacher not passive assimilation of knowledge by kids, but active formation of their thinking, in particular critical.

 

DOI: https://doi.org/10.28925/2414-0325.2018.5.2328


Keywords


critical thinking, elementary school, kids, primary school, level of formation of critical thinking

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References


Sternberg, R., Roediger, H. & Halpern, D. (2007). Critical thinking in psychology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Sushchenko, I. & Pometun, O. (2017). Putivnyk z rozvytku krytychnoho myslennya uchniv pochatkovoyi shkoly. (in Ukrainian)

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Metodycheskyy tsentr upravlenyya obrazovanyya admynystratsyy horoda Makeevky. Krytychne myslennya yak innovatsiyna pedahohichna tekhnolohiya (2018). http://http://makemc.org/doc/everest/Lemishko.pdf (in Ukrainian)


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