Requirements For Articles

The structure of the article should contain the following elements:

  • stating the problem and its actuality;
  • analysis of previous research, with which the author worked;
  • isolating aspects that haven’t yet been studied sufficiently;
  • formulation of goals and objectives of the article;
  • presentation of the main material with the justification of the results;
  • conclusions, recommendations, prospects for further research;
  • list of sources used.

The volume of publication – from 0.4 (16 000) to one printed sheet (40 000 characters with spaces).

Specification. The text must be typed on a computer (Microsoft Office Word 2003 or later). Font: Times New Roman, size – 12 pt., line spacing – 1. All margins – 2.5 cm. Indentation – 1 cm.

Material presentation:

1) the author's name in full (left-aligned, bold, 10 pt.);

2) academic status, academic degree, position (left-aligned, 10 pt.);

3) place of work: name of the institution, locality (left-aligned, 10 pt.);

4) email (left-aligned, italic, 10 pt.);

5) ORCID: (left-aligned, italic, 10 pt.)

6) title of the publication (centered, half-bold, 12 pt., capital letters, without paragraph);

7) the word “Abstract.” (half-bold, 10 pt.). In the same line – the annotation of article of no less than 1800 symbols (usual font, justification according to width, 10 pt.);

8) the word “Keywords:” (half-bold, 10 pt.). In the same line – keywords – 5-8 terms separated by “;” (usual font, justification according to width, 10pt., margins left and right – 1 cm.);

9) text body (usual font, justification according to width, 12pt.);

10) list of references in English and transliterated from original language. The phrase “REFERENCES” (left-aligned, capital letters, half-bold, 12 pt.). The list of references below the text of the article is arranged in alphabetical order (usual font, justification according to width, 12pt.).

Important! Names and surnames of authors have to be transliterated in Latin from Ukrainian language according to the new standard of transliteration KMU 2010 (;

Translated and transliterated in Latin a list of references (12 pt.) from original language is presented as following:

  • the names of authors and proper nouns (magazines, publishing houses) are to be transliterated in Latin;
  • the names of articles, conferences – translated in English;
  • after each reference in square brackets it is necessary to specify the language of the original source – (in Ukrainian) or (in Russian).

For transliteration we recommend to use the following online services:

11) title of the publication, the author's name, abstract and keywords in Ukrainian (the elements are executed in the same way as in English).

Recommendations for list of references used in text body:

Every source on the list must be done by APA (Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association) standard:

  • When a book, article, or other source lists only one author, simply provide the author's last name followed by the publication date, p. x / pp. x–y, e.g. (Morze, 2014, р. 23).
  • If the last name of the author is included in the sentence, then the year of the publication should be included in the parenthesis, e.g. Morze (2015) compared various periodical literature.
  • When a source lists two authors, in-text citations should provide the last names of both authors and the publication date, p. x / pp. x–y, e.g. (Strunk, White, 2000, рр. 23-25).
  • While quoting the source prepared by three of more authors, the last name of the first author needs to be included adding „et al“, and the year of the publication after comma, p. x / pp. x–y, e.g. (Geer et al., 2013, р. 23).
  • When an association, community, governmental organization or other institution is indicated as the publisher but not a concrete author, the collective authorship needs to be indicated, p. x / pp. x–y, e.g. (American psychological association, 2003, р. 23).

Page numbers are not given when:

  • Referring to the website which has not got page numbers;
  • Referring to the subject of the whole book, and page numbers cannot be specified.

In any other situation (for instance, in paraphrasing), page numbers are required.


  • An article in a journal: Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year of Publication). Title of article. Title of periodical, Volume Number, pages.

Van der Geer, J., Hanraads, J. A. J., & Lupton, R. A. (2010). The art of writing a scientific article. Journal of Scientific Communications, 163, 51–59.

  • Book: Author, A. A. (Year of Publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Location: Publisher.

Strunk, W., Jr., & White, E. B. (2000). The elements of style. (4th ed.). New York: Longman, (Chapter 4).

  • A book by an organization or a group of authors: Organization. (Year of Publication). Title of Publication. Location: Publisher.

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (1991). Estimated resident population by age and sex in statistical local areas, New South Wales, June 1990 (No. 3209.1). Canberra, Australian Capital Territory: Author.

  • A chapter in an edited book: Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year of Publication). Title of chapter. In A. Editor & B. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pages of chapter). Location: Publisher. 

Mettam, G. R., & Adams, L. B. (2009). How to prepare an electronic version of your article. In B. S. Jones, & R. Z. Smith (Eds.), Introduction to the electronic age (pp. 281–304). New York: E-Publishing Inc.

  • Publication of a conference presentation in conference material: Author, A. A. (Year of Publication). Title of article. In Title of Material (pages). Location: Publisher. 

Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (1991). A motivational approach to self: Integration in personality. In R. Dientsbier (Ed.). Nebraska Symposium on Motivation: Vol. 38. Perspectives on motivation (pp. 237–288). Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.

  • An online book: Author, A. A. (Year of Publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Month, day, year. http://xxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Chou, L., McClintock, R., Moretti, F. & Nix, D. H. (1993.) Technology and education: New wine in new bottles: Choosing pasts and imagining educational futures. August 24, 2000.

  • An online journal article: Author, A. A. (Year of Publication). Title of article. Title of periodical, Volume Number, pages. Month, day, year. http://xxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Virkus, S. (2003). Information Literacy in Europe: a Literature Review. Information Research, 8, 4. August 24, 2000.

  • A web page: Title of web page. (Year of Publication). Title of publication. Month, day, year. http://xxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Harvard University Library. (2010-2016). Information publication. April 25, 2016.

  • Electronic copy of a journal article, retrieved from database: Author, A. A. (Year of Publication). Title of article. Title of periodical, Volume Number, pages.

Swan, T. (1956). Economic Growth and Capital Accumulation. Economic Record, 32, 343–61.



When filled in Submission Metadata of the publication in the category REFERENCES, the bibliography should be separated by blank lines, and references to the sources should be active. Be sure to remove the extra spaces in the References.